ماري مارديني

المعتقدات اللاعقلانية وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات لدى افراد الجالية العربية المقيمة في المملكة السويدية

المعتقدات اللاعقلانية وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات لدى افراد الجالية العربية المقيمة في المملكة السويدية
رسالة مقدمة الى مجلس كلية الآداب والتربية
في الأكاديمية العربية المفتوحة في الدنمارك

Title in English: 
Irrational beliefs and their relationship with some variables to the members of the Arab community living in Sweden
Abstract in English: 
The research aims to find out if the members of the Arab community living in Sweden have irrational beliefs and to identify if these beliefs are related to the following variables. 1. Do the irrational beliefs exist among the members of the Arab community in Sweden? 2. Which of the beliefs are the most prevalent among the Arab community? 3. Are there statistically significant differences between the irrational beliefs among the members of the Arab community considering to the following variables: A. Gender: Male, Female B. Age: (25 years old and under) - (26-35) - (36-45) - (46- 55) - (over 56) C. Academic achievement: elementary, secondary, university, high (Master and PhD) D. Civil Status: married, single, widowed, divorced E. Occupation: freelance, employee, unemployed F. Years of residence (less than 5 years), (6-10), (over 10 years) The researcher presented the irrational beliefs as illogical ideas, which are formed during the impact of socialization on an individual, and especially within the family, in school. These ideas were accepted by the individual passively. They had a negative impact on his/her thoughts, behaviour and his/her interpretation of his/her surroundings. The researcher also idetified the irrational beliefs practically as the deagree that each member of the sample gets through answering the scale of the irrational beliefs. The sample consisted in the search of (148) members of the adult members of the Arab community living in Sweden, represented a random sample, consisted of (74) males and (74) of females. And the researcher had prepared a special scale (measure) that is composed of two parts, the first section, General Information section for each respondent on the scale (measure). The second section consists of (50) a paragraph ( items), and is located in many areas, Then these areas were shortened to five areas of action during the search The scale was available in standard qualities of honesty and consistency. Researchers have also used The equation of Pearson and Alpha-kronbach equation and a set of statistical methods to analyze the results, and results were interpreted according to the theoretical framework for research and previous studies and showed the following results: 1. There are irrational beliefs of a medium degree of members of the Arab community living in Sweden 2. The most common is the irrational beliefs (optimism and pessimism, luck, symbolic connotations, envy, punishment of nature, and magic.. ) 3. There are statistically significant differences due to variable gender and it is in favour of females 4.There is not statistically significant differences due to the variable age irrational beliefs 5. There are statistically significant differences due to the variable of academic achievement irrational beliefs 6. There is not statistically significant differences due to the variable civil status irrational beliefs 7. There is not statistically significant differences due to the variable profession irrational beliefs 8. There is not correlation statistically significant due to the variable of years in Sweden and the degree of irrational beliefs And then the researcher presented some of the recommendations and proposals The recommendation was about person, education, curriculum , media , and religion . Proposala 1. Relation between irrational belifs and psychological safety 2. Relation between irrational belifs and socialization 3. Acomparative study between the Arabs and the Swedes on irrational beliefs 4. Relation between irrational belifs and social integration
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