الهندسة

AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW OF STAMPEDE AT JAMARAT SITE --- ROOT CAUSES & POSIBBLE SOLUTIONS

Title in English: 
AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW OF STAMPEDE AT JAMARAT SITE --- ROOT CAUSES & POSIBBLE SOLUTIONS
Abstract in English: 
Stoning the Devil-Posts at Jamarat (Rami Jamar) with pebbles is an obligatory requisite for the completion of rituals of the Pilgrimage (Hajj). Rami Jamar, being one of the Pillars of Hajj, can not be avoided or postponed. During the last Hajj season a deadly episode had occurred at the site of Jamarat which has drawn the attention of many sincere Muslims to review the root-causes and find out some solution to avoid reoccurrence of such a mishap. In this paper various causes of the above fatal episode have been critically reviewed and numerous remedial actions have been suggested that might be taken to avoid such scenario in future. The main points discussed in this paper are: the operational plans and efficient management of controlling accidents, chaos and crisis; application of Information Technology in monitoring and mobilizing huge crowds; providing proper guidance and instant information/instructions to the Pilgrims (Hujjaj); highlighting the need of promoting awareness and proper guidance, its important and effective role in the disciplined movement of mob in a confined area in a limited time. The social and psychological behavior of human beings trapped amidst heavy crowds, and the engineering-designs of Jamarat site have also been reviewed and discussed briefly in this paper. In the perspective of Hajj and Umrah, few additional things concerning the usually seen dashing crowd at the site of Black-Stone (Hajr Aswad) in the Sacred Mosque (Haram) for kissing it have also been suggested. It is absolutely not claimed that the observations/suggestions made in this paper with regards to the happenings at Jamarat site would make any significant and immediate difference until the entire set-up is overhauled. But this humble effort, made in good faith, can most probably assist the concerned Saudi authorities in saving the precious lives of many innocent people coming to the Holy land for performing Hajj; and likewise minimize and/or control overcrowding while kissing Hajr Aswad.
المؤلفون: 

تطوير جسر ومنطقة الجمرات إيجابيات وسلبيات

تؤدي زيادة أعداد الحجاج المتتابعة مع رغبة الكثير منهم في الالتزام بما جاء في وصف حجة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وتقفي آثار سنته وكيفية حجته إلى الحاجة المستمرة لتطوير المشاعر والمقدسات الإسلامية في المملكة.

Title in English: 
The Development of Jamarat Bridge and Surrounding Area
Abstract in English: 
The increasing numbers of pilgrims and their desire to perform the rituals according to the pilgrimage of the Prophet (may peace be upon him) leads to the continuous need to develop the Islamic holy places in the Kingdom. The stoning of Jamarat with pebbles has been performed by different methods over the years. The latest development is casting the pebbles from two levels since a bridge was constructed in (1975G) which helped in reducing crowding problems. However, the continuing increase in the numbers of pilgrims and other factors such as the intense heat and the desire of pilgrims to leave Mena on the 12th of ZulHija has caused unfortunate accidents near the bridge entrance and before the first Jamra in several years since 1983G. Attempts were made to improve the situation by enlarging the bridge and emergency exits, making awareness campaigns, and grouping pilgrims which helped somewhat.
اللغة: 

مشكلة الزحام في منطقة الجمرات

يعد الزحام في منطقة الجمرات بالمشاعر المقدسة في مكة المكرمة من الظواهر السلبية التي تتكرر كل عام تقريباً، ويترتب عليها الكثير من المشكلات والآثار السلبية التي تعمل على إيجاد حالة من القلق وعدم اطمئنان الحجاج، الأمر الذي دفع حكومة خادم الحرمين الشريفين إلى الاهتمام بهذه المشكلة ومحاولة دراستها دراسة علمية متأنية بهدف إيجاد الحلول المناسبة لهذه المشكلة وما يترتب عليها من آثار وسلبيات.
ويأتي هذا البحث محاولة من الباحثين لتعرف أسباب مشكلة الزحام في منطقة الجمرات، ودراستها من جوانب مختلفة، وتقديم الحلول المقترحة، للإسهام في حل هذه المشكلة

اللغة: 

محاكاة لأداء العمرة

تم عمل نموذج محاكاة لمعرفة عرض المسار الحلزوني المطلوب لعدد معين من المعتمرين وعرض مسار المسعى أيضاً. وكان الهدف المرسوم في النموذج هو تقليص الوقت الكلي لأداء العمرة

اللغة: 

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