الجغرافيا والرحلات

الحركة السياحية في جنوب الضفة الغربية -فلسطين(دراسة تحليلية)

الحركة السياحية في جنوب الضفة الغربية / فلسطين دراسة تحليلية)رسالة دكتوراه غير منشوره
إعداد غسان قاسم رشيد عمر
إشراف الدكتور أحمد علي الخشمان

الملخص

Title in English: 
TOURISM ACTIVITY IN THE SOUTH OF WEST BANK/PALESTINE (AN ANALYTICAL STUDY)
Abstract in English: 
TOURISM ACTIVITY IN THE SOUTH OF WEST BANK/PALESTINE (AN ANALYTICAL STUDY) By Gassan kasem Rasheed Omar Supervisor D. Ahmed Ali Khashman. ABSTRACT This study aims to analyze tourism activity in the southern West Bank (Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Hebron and Jericho), and explores, as well, tourist attraction in the area. It aims to highlight the emportance of both natural and human potentials available as tourist attractions that contribute to achieve economic benfits. Moreover this study attempts to identify tourists charactaerstics in respect of their arrival, their socio-economic and demographic characterstics, in addition to addressing the problems they have faced during their visit to the area with aview to providing the most appropriate solutions. The aim of this study also to shed light on the reality of tourism ifrastracture and services provided in the area, attempting to gouge their ability to meet the demands needs of the tourist market currently and in the future, and tourists satisfaction toward them.It also defints the problems that citzen usually face because of tourists activities trying to provide sutable solutions. To achieve the above objectives two different kinds of questionnaires were distributed. The first was directed to tourists to answer questions related to nationality, age, educational level, purpose of visit, sources of information, and the level of satisfaction of their visit. While the second questionnaire was distributed to citizens in the study area in order to measure their level of involvement in tourist, their evaluation of the standards of problems they suffer. Data were analyzed by using the statistical package (SPSS) to produce the ratios, means and cross tabulation, Chi square were also used. The study concludes that the dominant tourism group visiting the area were of European nationalities while the Americans ranked second. The area of sothern West Bank witnesses active religious tourism, as the most dominant type of tourism where religious factors onsititute principle motivation for visit reachire apercentage of 55.9% for all tourism groups.The study shown that the age of tourism groups ranges from 40 and below69%. Tourists get information about the study from avariety of sources, namely: friends, relatives,internetand religious resources. The study also explain obstacles facing tourists in the fields of security, cleanness and lack of illustrative tourist guidelines.citizens as concluded in the study, encourage tourism in the area directing their children to complete their study and work in the field of tourism. As aresult of the tourism activity,citizens face problems with reg and the rise in the prices of foods and drinks in addition to increasing pressure on services. Finaly the study recommends utiling the natural, historical, more attention shoud paid by the all kind of media in promoting tourism. and human potentioals of earea, and make who have money work at tourism levl, and give also study the tourism services and what they want, making available planning and effect to ecrese the tourists on the encome, finaly to develop and encrese such as university.
المؤلفون: 
اللغة: 

الجزائريون هم أول من اكتشف قارة أمريكا

وادي الحجارة "‏Goidelaghara‏" ‏

اللغة: 
ملف: 

الرحلات الجغرافية في التراث العربي الإسلامي في القرنين الرابع والخامس الهجريين

كان للرحلات الجغرافية التي قام بها ودوّنها الرحالة الجغرافيون العرب والمسلمون في القرنين الرابع والخامس الهجريين ‏مميزات واضحة لاعتمادها على المشاهدة والحس، مما حمل هؤلاء الرحالة على تدوين مشاهداتهم من خلال أسفارهم وتنقلاتهم ‏العلمية أو الدينية أو التجارية، وساعدهم على ذلك اتساع رقعة الدولة الإسلامية التي امتدت من الصين شرقاً إلى سواحل المحيط ‏الأطلسي غرباً ومن وسط أوروبا شمالاً إلى وسط أفريقيا جنوباً.‏

Title in English: 
The Geographical Travels in the Arab Islamic Heritage ‎
Abstract in English: 
The geographical travels, carried out by the Arab –Muslim travelers ‎in the fourth and fifth centuries of Hegira, had distinctive ‎characteristics underlined by observations that enabled them to record ‎what ever they saw during their scholarly, religious end commercial ‎travels throughout the vast Arab-Islamic State, extending from China ‎to the Atlantic and from Europe the midst of Africa. ‎ ‎Among the most remarkable travelers were: Al-Musoudi, Ibn ‎Fadhlan, Nasser Khisrue who enriched the geographical literature ‎with scholarly works such as descriptive geography , lexicons , ‎encyclopedias ,maps and Atlases.‎ This study highlights the contributions of those travelers who ‎enriched the Arab Islamic heritage with diverse field of geographical ‎knowledge. ‎

العدد الثالث | دورية كان التاريخية

الافتتاحية
د.سام محمد الحامد .. التاريخ وأثره على ذهنية الإنسان
داخل العدد
د.خليف مصطفى غرايبة ‏
الرحلات الجغرافية في التراث العربي الإسلامي في القرنين الرابع والخامس الهجريين

Title in English: 
Historical Kan-Issue3
Abstract in English: 
A specialized journal devoted to historical ‎studies and research. Issued quarterly by: ‎Junior Historian Series.‎
المؤلفون: 

Rainfall-Runoff Erosion Model for semi-arid catchments using GIS

Abstract in English: 
A mathematical "Sediment Yield" model has been developed and integrated with Rainfall-Runoff Model NAXOS [1] for estimating upland delivery rates of individual storm resulting from rainfall and runoff at the outlet of the catchment area of Wadi Surdud (2370 km2), Tihama, Yemen. The erosion and sedimentation processes of the upland watersheds have to be assessed by means which do not rely on historical storm flow data. Methods that depend on available or measurable representative data were developed for a deterministic approach of the erosion process. Considering the present state of knowledge of the system analysis, GIS techniques offer a unique opportunity for the appraisal of the complex interactions of erosion and sedimentation factors (rainfall, runoff, watershed, physical and land use characteristics) as well as sediment load contributions of the upland watershed. To apply the model, the watershed is divided into 242 subwatersheds using TOPAZ (Topographic Parameterization) [2]. Sediment yield is computed for each of 242 sub-basins using a steady state Sediment Continuity Equation [3] by routing mobilized sediment through a series of linear reservoir [5]. The Model uses a mass balance equation to compute sediment transport, erosion and deposition over the land surface as direct throughfall, leaf drainage and streamflow. Sediment transport is considered as the erosion rate in the plane reduced by the deposition rate within the reach. The erosion occurs due to raindrop impact as well as surface shear. The model may serve as a tool for design of soil conservation measures. The following results were obtained: " Identification of hazard areas for soil erosion, " Assessment of sediment transport at a given point within the basin, " The basis for planning of soil conservation measures. Keywords: erosion modeling; wadi Surdud; sediment yield, GIS
المؤلفون: 

بناء شبكة نظم المعلومات الجغرافية للمدينة المنورة

Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques to Model Urban Changes in Almadinah

Title in English: 
Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques to Model Urban Changes in Almadinah

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