التاريخ الاسلامي

التراث الفقهي المالكي الأندلسي بين التنوع والتكامل

يوسف نكادي
y.ngadi55@hotmail.fr

التراث الفقهي المالكي الأندلسي بين التنوع و التكامل
إسهامات كتب الأحكام و كتب الفتاوى و كتب العقود

اللغة: 
ملف: 
المؤلفون: 

دور الأندلس والأندلسيين في انتقال الاسلام من المغرب الى جنوب أوربا

يوسف نكادي
y.ngadi55@hotmail.fr
دور الأندلس و الأندلسيين
في انتقال الإسلام
من المغرب إلى جنوب أوربا

المؤلفون: 

التنظيمات السياسية في بلاد العرب قبل الإسلام

(بحث مقدم لجامعـة الخرطـوم لنيل درجة دكتوراه الفلسفة في التاريخ)
مجتبى علي إبراهيم محمد

Abstract in English: 
Abstract The present study aims to acknowledge the types of political organization structure among the pre - Islam Arabians and that through gathering information about political organizations in the pre – Islam Arabians areas in one study. The methodology was choosing is the descriptive and historic method. The researcher has dealt with this topic by dividing it into six chapters, the first chapter included the geography and the residents of the Arabian peninsula and that has been taken through the study of location, climate, economical resources, in addition to its ethnic structure. The second chapter displayed state and kingdoms of pre – Islam Arabians classified in to southern Arabian kingdoms such as: Muien, Sabaa and Gattaban. And for exampale to the northern kingdoms such as: Manazira, Gassasina, The Lihyneen and Tadmour. And the state and kingdoms of mid Arabians areas symbolized in the kingdom of Kunda and state of citeies in Yathrib, Taief and Mecca. The third chapter concenterated on the Arabian tribe focusing on the importance of Its social and political structure beside religion in the pre – Islam Arabian society, that was put under the heading (The general situation in the Arabian peninsula in the pre – Islam era). The fourth chapter was specified to study patterns from Arabian southern areas namely the kingdom of Sabaa where the research has focused on Sabaa kingdom history, its peoples and the monarchy origination structure beside giving detailed information about the super class members. There after chapter five introduced the Gassasisina kingdom as a case study from the state and kingdoms of the north where its history and government structure are studied. The last chapter went to explain the political situation, as mentioned before, for Goreaish in Mecca. By investigating the governmental structure in the three fone mentioned examples the researcher was able to investigate the changes witnessed by development of those structure through out the ongoing process of time until the appearance of Islam. The study concluded by conferring the existence of political institutions through with the pre – Islam Arabians ruled their states and kingdoms. These institutions seemed obscured and vague at first. Then as time passed on these institutions start to be clear. Eventually as we reached the era in immediately before the coming of Islam, these institutions became very clear and specific as the ( و ) case of Mecca. The researcher has come out with a number of recommendations that proclaim the vitality of the study of ancient systems and political structures which were accepted and approved by Islam.
المؤلفون: 
اللغة: 

الخلافة في صدر الإسلام (دراسة في الفكر السياسي والديني وتطوره في دولة الإسلام في مرحلة التكوين والنشأة)

الخلافة في صدر الإسلام (دراسة في الفكر السياسي والديني وتطوره في دولة الإسلام في مرحلة التكوين
والنشأة)
The Caliphate in Early Islam (A Study in Political and Religious Thinking and its

Title in English: 
The Caliphate in Early Islam (A Study in Political and Religious Thinking and its Development in the Islamic State During the Initial Phase of Foundation)
Abstract in English: 
This study aimed at maping out the political and religious thinking in Early Islam. To this end, the author tackled the significance of the term “Caliphate” and its development until the late second century of Hijra. Islam came up with a plan for political unity of all peoples of the world based on loyalty to aqida (belief). For this purpose, Islam raised the term “al-Umma al-Mujahida” –Holy warrior nation- deriving its legitimacy from Heaven and counting on the promise, in the Holy Qur’an, that it will take inheritance of the land and its subjugation. The Holy Qur’an dwelt on the term “the Caliphate” which carries two significant meanings: the institution of man as vicegerent of Allah(SWT); the institution of government as continuation of the worldly government of the Prophet Muhammad, This involves construction on this earth and implementation of Shari’a on servants of Allah. Thus, one finds harmony between the goals of the Islamic da’wa (call) and the Qur’anic discourse on the issue of inheritance of earth and its subjugation. The state of al-Umma al-Mujahida was able to realize the promise of Allah in late second decade of the Guided Caliphate Period. The Leader of the Faithful was called caliph of Allah on all Muslims and non-Muslims. The Sahaba generation (the Prophet’s companions) and its scholars approved this title. However, after the events of the First Fitna and their consequences, namely the emergence of opposition to the authority, the exploitation of the authority of this title, emphasizing coercive(al-jabriyah) thinking and the suppression of the opposition, the postcompanion era scholars withdrew their recognition of the leader of the Faithful. The Umma scholars’ dependence on the Sunna (the Prophetic teachings), in their understanding of the Holy Qur’an and raising it in their slogans against the opposition to the authority by calling it to follow the messengers and prophets’ method (approach), represented a heavy burden on the authority. This forced the opposition to assert that the Leader of the Faithful was Allah’s vicegerent as well as His caliph in order to marginalize the role of religious scholars in society and in legislation. Thus, the scholars adhered to the prophetic teachings (Sunna), thus making them emphasize the agreement that the Leader of the Faithful was the successor of the Prophet of Allah and not the vicegerent of Allah. When the Abbassid era emerged, they responded positively to the scholars’ point of view; for the first time, they introduced the title “Khalifata Rasul Allah” to the Leader of the Faithful but at the same time kept the title vicegerent of Allah. In this, the caliph became deputy for Allah and His messenger in guarding the religion and worldly policy. The authority’s adherence to the title of vicegerent of Allah emphasized the absolute rule in the state of caliphate and gave it the justification to suppress the opposition, This in itself explains the Umma scholars’ and jurisprudents’ opposed attitudes towards this title. They did not recognize it and tilted towards the title of successor of Allah’s messengers and considered themselves as those who inherit Prophets and Messengers thus emphasizing their role in legislation as well as in society.
المؤلفون: 

صورة الأمير يوسف بن تاشفين في أدب الرّسائل في عهديّ ال ّ طوائف والمرابطين

صورة الأمير يوسف بن تاشفين في أدب الرّسائل في عهديّ ال ّ طوائف والمرابطين
The Image of Prince Yousef Bin Tashafin in the Treatises
Literatures in the Ages of Tawaif and Murabitin
رائد عبد الرّحيم

Title in English: 
The Image of Prince Yousef Bin Tashafin in the Treatises Literatures in the Ages of Tawaif and Murabitin
Abstract in English: 
Prince Yousef Bin Tashfin is a leader of great effect in the Islamic history in general and that of Morocco and Andalusia history in particular he could by his political affair and characteristics to rescue Muslims of Andalusia from their foes and from the despotism of their rulers. He united them and their countries and stopped Christian movements under Al-Fonso, who thought that Muslims and their territory was under his order and peck and dominance. For all of that Muslims liked him and looked upon him with admiration and high consideration, and reckoned him as the savor and rescuer who could make them get rid of injustice, fear full life. They succumbed under it. Their men of letters glorified him and said too much praising his deeds and achievements. Despite that there is no comprehensive academic study about his image from different aspects in literature, from this point this research has emerged to pin point that image of artful treaties in the age Tawaif and Murabiteen, included in an introduction and six chapters as follows: - Reason for asking help from Bin Tashafin. - His characteristics. -His method in governance and country administration. - Legality (legitimacy) of his governance to Andalusia and reasons that led him to depose Al-Tawaif kings. - His relationship. -His army.

اسهامات البحث الأثري في الكشف عن جوانب من واقع البادية الأندلسية

حظيت أرياف أوربا باهتمام المؤرخين منذ مطلع القرن الماضي، وقد تزايد هذا الاهتمام واتخذ مسارات خاصة بعد النقلة النوعية التي أفضت إليها أبحاث المؤرخ الفرنسي مارك بلوك (Marc Bloch)( ).

المؤلفون: 

الإقطاع - التمليك، الاستغلال ،المنفعة ، في صدر الإسلام (دراسة تاريخية)

الإقطاع - التمليك، الاستغلال ،المنفعة ، في صدر الإسلام
(دراسة تاريخية)

إعداد:
بلال أحمد محمود دراغمة

إشراف:
أ .د. جمال حمحد داود جودة

المؤلفون: 

الصفحات

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